Panela Monitor

Document repository

  • / Functional and health properties of panela /

Diabetes - Cardiovascular diseases

A combination of l-arabinose and chromium lowers circulating glucose and insulin levels after an acute oral sucrose challenge

Background: A growing body of research suggests that elevated circulating levels of glucose and insulin accelerate risk factors for a wide range of disorders. Low-risk interventions that could suppress glucose without raising insulin levels could offer significant long-term health benefits ...

View full entry

Antiatherosclerotic function of kokuto, Okinawan noncentrifugal cane sugar

Among various components of Kokuto, phenolic Compounds play a central role for the prevention of experimental atherosclerosis in Japanese quail

View full entry

Antidiabetes and antihypertension potential of commonly consumed carbohydrate sweeteners using in vitro models

Brown sugars showed higher antidiabetes potential than white sugars; nevertheless, no angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition was detected in both sugar classes. Brown sugar from Peru and Mauritius (dark muscovado) had the highest total phenolic content and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical ...

View full entry

Anti-hyperglycemic effect of D-psicose

This technology provides uses of D-psicose for the control of abnormal diurnal increases in the blood sugar level

View full entry

Chromium in refined and unrefined sugars-possible nutritional implications in the etiology of cardiovascular diseases

It has recently been discovered that chromium is an essential element, particularly in relation to carbohydrate metabolism. Food refinement leads to a loss of chromium as well as of other trace elements. The nutritional significance, particularly in relation to cardiovascular ...

View full entry

Diet and prevention of coronary heart disease: the potential role of phytochemicals

Epidemiological studies, and some clinical trials, demonstrate that a proper diet reduces the rate of occurrence of cardiovascular disorders. Several in vitro studies suggest that some components of plant foods, most of which sharing a phenolic structure, are endowed with ...

View full entry

Dietary antioxidants and cardiovascular disease

Although initial studies have indicated that antioxidants may reduce oxidative stress, human intervention studies do not support a beneficial effect of antioxidant supplements. Further research is needed to clarify whether other plant antioxidants, plants rich in a combination of antioxidants ...

View full entry

Effect of aromatic glucosides isolated from black sugar on intestinal adsorption of glucose

Three aromatic glucosides isolated from non-sugar fraction of crude black sugar prepared from sugarcane. These compounds were determined to be 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl-b-D-glucoside, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-b-D-glucopyranoside (tachioside), 4-hydroxy-phenyl-b-D-glucopyranoside (arbutin). While we reported in the previous paper that 3-4-dimethoxyphenyl-b-D-glucoside was obtained from black sugar ...

View full entry

Effect of glycans of Saccharum officinarum on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism of rats

A polysaccharide fraction of Saccharum officinarum was tested for its effects on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in normal rats and those fed a high sugar diet. Feeding with the high sugar diet induced an elevation of serum glucose and significant ...

View full entry

Effect of kokuto, a non-centrifugal cane sugar, on the development of experimental atherosclerosis in Japanese quail and apolipoprotein E deficient mice

The present study suggests that Kokuto prevents lipid-containing aortic intimal thickening lesions in Japanese quail

View full entry

Effect of policosanol on lipid levels among patients with hypercholesterolemia or combined hyperlipidemia. A randomized controlled trial

A total of 143 patients were randomized to 5 equal groups and were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis. In none of the 5 treatment groups did LDL-C levels decrease more than 10% from baseline. No statistically significant difference between policosanol ...

View full entry

Effects of black substances in crude black sugar on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism of rats

It was found that high sugar diets induced an elevation in serum levels of triglyceride and insulin in rats by the oral administration for 2 months. When black substances isolated from crude black sugar were orally administered to rats with ...

View full entry

Effects of non-sugar fraction in black sugar on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism; Part I

The non-sugar fraction of crude black sugar prepared from sugar-cane was found to inhibit the elevation of serum triglyceride, lipid peroxides, and insulin of rats fed on a high sugar diet for 61 days. The non-sugar fraction was also found ...

View full entry

Effects of non-sugar fraction in black sugar on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism; Part II: New compounds inhibiting elevation of plasma insulin

Previously we reported that the non-sugar fraction was found to reduce plasma insulin without elevating plasma glucose in glucose tolerance test. Active substances isolated from the non-sugar fraction were a mixture of 3,4-dimethoxy phenyl-O-D-glucoside and 3,4,6-trimethoxy phenyl-O-D-glucoside ...

View full entry

Effects of supplemental D-psicose on glucose tolerance and serum adipocytokine levels in rats fed a high-fat diet or a low-fat diet

Effects of supplemental D-psicose on glucose tolerance and secretion of adipocytokines in rats with different fat-level-diets were investigated. The results suggest that supplemental D-psicose has no anti-diabetic effects in rats

View full entry

Effects of the kokuto (brown sugar)-shochu lees on the cholesterol metabolism in rat

Kokuto (brown sugar)-shochu (a brewed and distilled alcohol beverage) is produced mainly in the Amami area of Kagoshima. Kokuto-shochu lees was separated from the post-distillation slurry of brown sugar-shochu by centrifugation, and the precipitation was freeze-dried. The effects were ...

View full entry

Glyceamic indices for different sugars

When jaggery was compared with sucrose and honey drinks, at one hour there was significant difference with jaggery eliciting the highest glycaemic response. At two hours, there was no significant difference between the three drinks

View full entry

Glycemic index and insulin index of palmyrah based edible products commonly consumed in Jaffna

The objective of this study was to determine the insulin index and glucose index to isoenergetic (1000-kJ) portions of palmyrah based foods commonly consumed in Jaffna and their correlations between nutrient and phytochemical contents. Subjects were selected those having fasting ...

View full entry

Glycemic response and glycemic index of common sweeteners and honey incorporated products

Honey is the sweet and viscous product, produced by the honeybee from the nectar of plants. Honey is composed mainly of carbohydrates, lesser amounts of water and a great number of minor components. Sugars are the main constituents of honey ...

View full entry

GRAS exemption claim for D-psicose

This is to notify you that CJ Cheiljedang (based in S. Korea) claims that the use of the substance described below (D-psicose) is exempt from the premarket approval requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act because CJ America ...

View full entry

Hypoglycemic health benefits of D-psicose

Diabetes is an emerging health problem worldwide. The incidence of type 2 diabetes has dramatically increased and is expected to increase more rapidly in the future. Most patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from obesity and diabetes related complications, including ...

View full entry

Influence of various sugars, chromium and other trace metals on serum cholesterol and glucose of rats

The feeding of white sugar plus chromium, brown sugar or raw sugar retarded the rise of serum cholesterol with age characteristic of chromium deficiency. The feeding of brown sugar lowered fasting serum glucose levels up to 11 months of age ...

View full entry

Inverse association between habitual polyphenol intake and incidence of cardiovascular events in the PREDIMED study

Epidemiologic and biological evidence supports an inverse association between polyphenol consumption and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, no previous studies have prospectively evaluated the relationship between polyphenol intake and the incidence of CVD in such a comprehensive way ...

View full entry

Phenolics content and inhibitory effect of sugarcane molasses on a-Glucosidase and a-Amylase in vitro

Sugarcane molasses is a wealthy source of health beneficial phenolic compounds and exhibited significant biological properties. Present study was designed to assess the inhibitory effect of sugarcane molasses on 4-glucosidase and 4-amylase. Hypoglycemic fractions were extracted using macro-porous and ion ...

View full entry

Postprandial insulin and glucose levels are reduced in healthy subjects when a standardised breakfast meal is supplemented with a filtered sugarcane molasses concentrate

Purpose - A phytochemical- and mineral-rich filtered sugarcane molasses concentrate (FMC), when added to carbohydrate-containing foods as a functional ingredient, lowers postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses. We hypothesised that this beneficial effect would also occur if FMC was administered as ...

View full entry

Potential role of sugar (fructose) in the epidemic of hypertension, obesity and the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease

We propose that sugars containing fructose may play a major role in the development of hypertension, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome and in the subsequent development of kidney disease

View full entry

Psicose contents in various food products and its origin

To elucidate the history of human exposure of psicose, a determination method of psicose (D/L-psicose) in various food products has been developed: post column high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using gel permeation column in ligand exchange mode coupled with pulsed ...

View full entry

Reassessing the role of sugar in the etiology of heart disease

The roles of animal fat and sweeteners (mono- and disaccharides) in acute myocardial infarction and other ischemic heart disease are examined through multi-country statistical associations between the dietary components and the heart disease mortality rates for 1986 for males and ...

View full entry

Role of chromium in human health and in diabetes

Despite widespread use by patients with diabetes and anecdotal reports in the past regarding its efficacy, until recently, data in humans concerning chromium’s effects on insulin action in vivo or on cellular aspects of insulin action were scarce. Consequently ...

View full entry

Serum cholesterol and glucose levels in rats fed refined and less refined sugars and chromium

Refined sugar without chromium can relatively elevate serum cholesterol and glucose levels, and that chromium(III) can lower both substances. Serum cholesterol levels were relatively elevated and increased with age in the group receiving white sugar; in that given white ...

View full entry

Starches, Sugars and Obesity

The rising prevalence of obesity, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents, is one of the most important public health problems in developed and developing countries. As one possible way to tackle obesity, a great interest has ...

View full entry

Sugar intake, obesity, and diabetes in India

Sugar and sweet consumption have been popular and intrinsic to Indian culture, traditions, and religion from ancient times. In this article, we review the data showing increasing sugar consumption in India, including traditional sources (jaggery and khandsari) and from sugar-sweetened ...

View full entry

Systematic review of herbs and dietary supplements for glycemic control in diabetes

There is still insufficient evidence to draw definitive conclusions about the efficacy of individual herbs and supplements for diabetes; however, they appear to be generally safe. The available data suggest that several supplements may warrant further study. The best evidence ...

View full entry