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Non centrifugal cane sugar (NCS) (panela, jaggery, gur, muscovado) process technology and the need of its innovation

Summary

The objectives of this paper are to identify the technological changes needed to make NCS competitive with refined sugar and other caloric sweeteners as well as diversify its use. First, the requirements for the increase in NCS consumption will be analyzed, followed by a description of the typical NCS production processes and its required technological advances

Table of content .................................................................................... 2

1. Introduction........................................................................................... 3
2. Requirements for the increase in world panela consumption .................... 4
3. NCS manufacturing technology: Process and unit operations................... 5
3.1. Historical outline ................................................................................ 5
3.2. Scale of production of NCS industries ................................................ 6
3.3. Current NCS technology ................................................................... 7
3.3.1. Cane preparation............................................................................. 7
3.3.2. Juice extraction ............................................................................... 7
3.3.3. Juice cleaning and clarification ......................................................... 8
3.3.4. Concentration of juice ..................................................................... 9
3.3.5. Crystallization of NCS ................................................................... 10
3.3.6. Conditioning and packaging ........................................................... 10
4. Innovations in NCS technology ............................................................ 11
4.1. Technological change in NCS production .......................................... 11
4.1.1. Cottage industry ............................................................................ 12
4.1.2. Industrial production ...................................................................... 12
4.1.3. Organic production ........................................................................ 12
4.2. Scenarios of NCS innovation ............................................................ 13
5. References........................................................................................... 14

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