This consensus document addresses compositional considerations for new varieties of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) by identifying the key food and feed nutrients, anti-nutrients and toxicants. A general description of these components is provided. As well, there is background material on the production, processing and uses of sugarcane and considerations to be taken into account when assessing new varieties of sugarcane. Constituents to be analysed, related to food use and to feed use, are suggested.