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Value-addition of sugarcane – A case of jaggery production

The present study has analyzed the growth and performance of area, production and productivity of sugarcane, comparative economics of sugarcane and jaggery production and has identified the constraints in jaggery production. The study conducted in the western zone of Tamil Nadu, has revealed that the growth rates in area and production of sugarcane are positive during the post-liberalization period in India, Tamil Nadu state and the western zone of Tamil Nadu. However, the productivity of sugarcane has shown a negative growth rate in India and Tamil Nadu, which might be due to monsoon failure during this period. The productivity of cane in the western zone of Tamil Nadu has shown a low but positive growth rate, may be due to change in the cropping pattern and better access to sugar mills. Small and marginal farm households have been found involved in jaggery while registered growers supply cane to the sugar factory. The net income realized from jaggery production has been recorded as Rs 14138, which is higher than that farm the cane produced for sugar factory. Delays in cutting of cane by the sugar factories and labour problems during harvesting season have been found as the major reasons for jaggery making. Non-remunerative prices, lack of government support in price policies and traditional technology have been identified as the major constraints in jaggery production. The study has suggested that introduction of modern technologies, creation of infrastructure and formulation of appropriate price polices need be encouraged to enhance jaggery production among the farmers to get remunerative price for their produce

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