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Efecto de la alimentación con panela y jarabe de azúcar en la evolución de la población de Apis mellifera para la producción de miel

This thesis was conducted in the sector of Chivatos, in the Canton of Olmedo in order to evaluate the effect of artificial feeding with brown sugar and sugar syrup on population trends of the Apis mellifera and on its honey production. Three treatments with five hives were conducted to evaluate each treatment. The hives were Langstroth standard types and Shalom style side bars identified with the letters T and C according to treatment and beehive number respectively, T0 for the control group, T1 for the supplement with sugar syrup, T2 for brown sugar supplement. A completely random experimental design was used and INFOSAT statistical software (version 2012) was employed to conduct variance analysis and comparison means test (Tukey). The variables evaluated were: colony size supported by: the number of Frames with Abundant Bees (FAB), Brood Frames (BF), Presence of Queen (PQ) and Honey Reserves (HR) and Pollen Reserves (PR); and the second variable was the feed intake per hive (Lt kg brown sugar and sugar syrup), honey production (HP / Lt) and profitability of treatments. There were significant findings (P <0.05) for the sugar syrup supplement over the size of the hive with respect to the FAB of T1 over T2 and T0. With respect to the BF there was a numerical difference between T1 and T2 but compared to T0 it was highly significant (P <0.05); and with respect to the HP, T1 demonstrated the highest production with a total of 71 Lt, followed by T2 with 61 Lt and T0 with 30 Lt. Based on these results, it was therefore concluded that the sugar syrup (T1 ) together with proper management, was indeed recommended to feed to the bees during the critical period and as a stimulant for the development of the colony, thus obtaining better production during nectar flow. T1 produced 69.6% profitability ratio in comparison to T2 which achieved 59.6% and T0 with a return of 34.5%.

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